Major study reveals the changing nature of work in the capital and makes recommendations to secure its long-term economic success.
As the digital economy continues to expand, new suppliers of workspace are rapidly emerging – from co-working providers to ‘fab labs’, makerspaces, incubators and innovation centres. The insight study concludes that the affordable business space that currently supports these industries is at risk. London needs new innovative mixed-use models of city planning to support these changes.
Following the UK’s recent decision to leave the European Union, London’s ability to attract and retain the best global talent has become even more important. As a result, the availability, affordability and quality of workplaces in the capital is critical. Space for commercial and industrial uses are under threat as the demand for housing pushes up land prices, and planning policies currently favour conversion of offices to residential use.
The report concludes London therefore needs a stronger city-wide strategy and leadership to protect existing commercial and industrial sites, whilst ensuring the sufficient creation of new workspaces to meet demand. To underpin this, the key findings and recommendations call upon government, the Mayor of London and public bodies to:
- Prioritise the improvement of London’s digital connectivity to create a more flexible, networked city
- Encourage flexible and adaptable building stock to accommodate varying and changing requirements
- Create a series of super-connected mixed-use hubs around public transport links to invigorate London’s towns
- Expand exemptions to permitted development rights to protect London’s designated industrial and commercial land and spaces in the right places
- Review London’s use classes to enable a broader mix of uses to co-locate, including making and manufacture alongside residential and commercial uses
- Pilot schemes for new design-led industrial developments, including small-scale manufacturing and digital fabrication
- Make provision for affordable workspace a key part of planning policy
- Promote the wellbeing agenda by supporting design and development that actively seeks to promote physical activity and mental wellbeing
- Plan for a multi-generational or ‘4G’ workforce
Areas of focus for the study range from protecting London’s industrial land and uses to integrating workspaces with transport infrastructure, as well as exploring how new types of buildings that integrate living, working, making, manufacturing and/or leisure, replicating large-scale mixed use schemes that are increasingly popular in global cities. As land costs remain high in London, the need to accommodate more uses in less space calls for greater density and intensification of development.
The research has brought together a variety of different workspace developers such as British Land and SEGRO, architects including John Robertson Architects and Orms, consultants and agents such as Cushman & Wakefield, and engineers including AECOM and Colorminium through industry roundtables, interviews and project reviews.
Peter Murray, chairman of New London Architecture, commented:
“The ways we work, and the places in which we work, have evolved dramatically over the last decade. This landmark report highlights how the provision and protection of London’s workplaces must evolve to meet the changing demands of contemporary business. As the Mayor considers the contents of his next London Plan, he must ensure that London becomes smarter as a City in its supply of data, in its digital capacity and its ability to adapt with buildings flexible enough to absorb radical new ways of working.”
“We support the NLA’s call for a more joined up approach to London’s future provision of industrial and logistic space. The WRK/ LDN study resonates with SEGRO’s own independent research, principally in relation to the need to protect London’s supply of light industrial and urban logistics space. Since 2001, 1,305 ha of industrial land has been released to non-industrial use and this rate of loss is accelerating. Continuing low vacancy rates, together with structural changes in consumer behaviours has led to occupiers seeking to modernise their supply chains, particularly in the area of last mile delivery, and we expect this trend to continue.”
“London’s greatest strength is it connections, socially, digitally and physically and for the majority of Londoners commuting is significant part of our work life. We believe that the next version of the London Plan puts an emphasis on the development of transport nodes and the areas around them to provide London with a connected future.”